INFJ – Advocate (Description + Functions + Examples)

Do you have a friend who you know is going to change the world? They’re not like any other friend you have. You just know that, whichever career or mission they choose, they’re going to succeed. And what’s more, they’re going to help other people. 

Do you know what Meyers-Briggs type that friend is? Meyers-Briggs Personality Types describe how we take in the world around them and gather information. Some of us rely on our feelings to tell us what’s going on. Other people need time to think things through. Meyers-Briggs types also reveal where we like to focus: on the world around us, or within. 

That friend that you have, the one who wants to change the world? Do they tend to have a strong sense of self? Do they have a serious passion for making the world a better place? Well, I would like to guess that they’re an INFP. INFP is the rarest personality type, but you certainly know who they are and what they stand for. Keep watching to learn all about INFPs: how they gather information, their strengths and weaknesses, and what’s like to work with them. 


INFP...what does that mean? Before we talk about what makes an INFJ an INFJ, let’s break down all of the letters in this personality type. 

I is for introvert (as opposed to extrovert.) An introvert is more likely to be focused on their internal thoughts and feelings, rather than outside stimulation. Introverts are not necessarily shy, but they do gain more energy from reflecting on their own feelings than by surrounding themselves with other people and external stimulants. 

N is for intuition (as opposed to sensing.) This indicates that a person makes judgments based on their intuition instead of the sensory information that is presented in front of them. They are more likely to rely on the impression they get from something than more “literal” data. Think of it as preferring the abstract to the concrete. 

F is for feeling (as opposed to thinking.) Of course, people with both “feeling” and “thinking” in their personality type can do the other. INFJs tend to rely more on how they, and more importantly others, feel. If they want to make a decision, they are more likely to ask around for opinions instead of doing research in textbooks. This often means they feel the weight of the world. Stats may not sway them as much as a story.

Finally, J is for judgement (as opposed to perception.) Judgment and perception are often identified as the “least obvious” of the four letters in your personality type. Think of this as how a person works within structure. People with a J in their personality type prefer structure. They take control of the structure of their day. They make judgements about how tasks are approached and when a job gets done. 

Put it all together, and you get a person who follows their heart. INFJs are known as “The Advocate.” They advocate for themselves and what they want out of their lives. They also advocate for the well-being of others. If they feel that another person needs help, they will go out of their way to help them. 


Each personality type plays a handful of different functions in society. The most dominant function of INFJ types is Introverted Intuition (Ni.) Using their introverted intuition, INFJ types notice patterns everywhere and therefore feel that everything is interconnected. They take individual subjects and look at them from all angles to comprehend them & how they relate to the world around them.

The auxiliary function of INFJ types is Extraverted Feeling (Fe.) INFJs are highly aware of the emotions that people around them feel. They actually have less of an understanding of their personal emotions. Therefore, when interacting with the rest of the world, they tend to receive communication primarily through emotions.

The tertiary function of INFJ types is Introverted Thinking (Ti.) INFJs can interpret their Ni and Fe functions in a more internalized, stable way. In stressful or extroverted situations, they will focus more on emotions. When they are alone, they can rely more on introverted thinking and tap into the logic and reasoning of what has been going on around them. 

Finally, the inferior function of INFJ types is External Sensing (Se.) This may be a more unconscious function of INFJs, but it does work to increase awareness of their surroundings and ability to live in the moment. This also influences their personality and interests, making them more attracted to outdoor and physical activities. 

Examples of Real-Life INFJs 

INFJs are not just advocates - they are also musicians, poets, and political leaders! From the controversial to the beloved, here are a list of some of the most well-known, famous INFJs:

  • Taylor Swift
  • Leonard Cohen
  • George Harrison
  • Noam Chomsky
  • Jane Goodall
  • J.K Rowling
  • Mel Gibson
  • Carrie Fisher
  • Edward Norton
  • Mahatma Gandhi
  • Eleanor Roosevelt

A lot of these INFJs have a cause that they advocate for throughout their careers. If they can flex their creative muscles in the process, they will! At the very least, an INFJ has opinions and will stick to them passionately in any career path they take! While not all INFJs go down the humanitarian route, you are likely to see an INFJ fighting for a cause that they believe in. 

Strengths and Weaknesses of INFJs: 

You can’t hold an INFJ back from following their dreams. If they want to be an artist, they will be an artist. If they want to change the world by becoming a lawyer, they will change the world by becoming a lawyer. There are many career paths that an INFJ chooses, but they all have one thing in common: they welcome passion and excitement. 

The INFJs in your life are:

  • Sensitive to the needs of others
  • Creative and artistic
  • Insightful
  • Altruistic
  • Principled

Of course, no personality type is perfect. Their passion can often be mistaken as stubbornness. Passion can also lead them down a road of dissatisfaction. INFJs are likely to: 

  • Be sensitive to criticism
  • Be stubborn
  • Dislike confrontation
  • Perfectionist & prone to burnout
  • Prone to unrealistic expectations

Working with an INFJ

In their personal relationships, INFJs will find deep, emotional connections with others around them. They like to help others, listen to others, and care for them. One could even say they…advocate for others? Of course they do! They can come across as introverted in some situations and will need time to themselves after socializing. 

When it comes to romantic relationships, INFJ personalities look for ideal partners that are compatible with their values. Once they find a romantic partner, they work to strengthen the bond and grow their connection to a deeper level than most couples. 

Basic Stats about INFJs 

INFJs are the rarest group of people! Less than 2% of the general population are INFJs. Male INFJs are especially rare. Women are twice as likely to be INFJs than men. 


Phew! That’s a lot about INFJs. Advocates are rare gems. They’re reliable, passionate, and a good person to have in your corner. But I’m not done talking about INFJs yet. Did you know that there is another letter that you can have in your personality type? That’s right - in the past few years, a fifth letter was added. This letter is A or T: assertive or turbulent. 

Assertive INFJs (INFJ-A) are more likely to look on the bright side and remain hopeful, even in the face of conflict/drama. They are also less influenced by regret or outside opinions, and therefore rarely learn from their mistakes.

Turbulent INFJs (INFJ-T) are more affected by negative opinions and problems surrounding them. They allow regret to weigh on them, unlike INFJ-As. They also see having other people in their lives as a necessity.

How to reference this article:

Theodore. (2021, April). INFJ – Advocate (Description + Functions + Examples). Retrieved from

About the author 


Theodore created PracticalPsychology while in college and has transformed the educational online space of psychology. His goal is to help people improve their lives by understanding how their brains work. 1,700,000 Youtube subscribers and a growing team of psychologists, the dream continues strong!

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